The Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Powerhouse was built between 1906 and 1908. John Oakman designed the Romanesque Revival structure. The Powerhouse generated power for the new subway line linking New Jersey and New York City–today’s PATH train.
The Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Powerhouse inspired the formation of the Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy. In 1999, a small group of civic activists protested the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey and the Jersey City government’s plans to demolish the Powerhouse. The fledgling Jersey City Landmarks Conservancy called for the complete preservation and adaptive renovation of the building.
In 2001, the Powerhouse was listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Unfortunately, the Powerhouse has continued to deteriorate, notably resulting in the removal of its iconic smokestacks in 2013.